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HOME Classification Moribana

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Moribana
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Originated by the First Headmaster Unshin Ohara, this is ikebana where materials are arranged as if they are piled up in low flat containers with a wide surface area of water. It includes the Color Scheme Moribana, which expresses beauty of color, and the Landscape Moribana, in which the beauty of natural scenery is represented.
In Moribana, as in Advanced Hana-isho, there are three principal stems - the Subject, the Secondary, and the Object. These stems from the basic framework of various styles. Intermediaries called Filler stems, are freely added to the principal stems.

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There are three Moribana Styles:
  1. The Upright Style:
    The Upright Style is the standard floral style for Moribana. The principal stems are positioned to evoke a sense of movement and bring forth a composition of formal, graceful beauty.
  2. The Slanting Style:
    The Slanting Style is a floral form that expressed the beauty of branches and grasses that grow slanting down. This floral form evokes a greater sense of movement than the Upright Style does.
  3. The Water-Reflecting Style:
    In this style, the Subject is placed to slant over the container and cast its reflection on the surface of the water. It is called the water-Reflecting Style because the subject, the Secondary and the Object are arranged so that a wide surface of water is visible. It is a floral style rich in subjective, expressive possibilities.
T.Color Scheme Moribana

The main aim lies in the beauty of harmony and contrast of materials. There are two methods: The Color Method and the Traditional Method.
Expresses the beauty of the rising appearances of materials that are grouped
at the center of the container.

a. Color Method

Color Method Color Method

This is a technique with free choice of materials by which to express the beauty of color through the color, shape, and texture of various plants.


b. Traditional Method

Traditional Method Traditional Method

This is technique by which the beauty of color is brought out based on set rules for materials as well as method of arrangement.


Color Harmony and contrast are of great importance in this method of arrangement, where the object is to use specific techniques to give full play to the growth pattern and individual character of the material. The chief aim is not the expression of scenic beauty but the correct expression of floral styles.


II. Landscape Moribana

This is a type of Moribana in which natural landscapes are represented in the limited space of flower containers. There are two methods: the Traditional Method and the Realistic Method.

a. Traditional Method

This is a technique to express the beauty of scenery using limited materials, and arranging methods prescribed for these materials while observing their natural growth.

Traditional Method


b. Realistic Method
This is a technique to express scenic beauty by understanding the natural growth, environment, and the seasonal aspect of the material, and by mixing in the subjectivity and impressions of the arranger.

Realistic Method

In this kind of ikebana, the artist expresses scenic beauty through an understanding the natural growth characteristics of the plants, the environment, and the seasonal aspect of the materials. It also includes the subjectivity and impressions of the arranger.

Also, Landscape Moribana may be divided into three views: Far, Middle and Near. The Far-View Depiction takes tall trees as its main subject, and may depict a tall, densely wooded forest at the foot of a distant range of mountains, a large tree towering over a field, a huge, aged pine tree along a sea cost. In the Middle-View Depiction, the focus moves closer to scenes of dense growth, with smaller trees becoming the major theme and low shrubs used as the chief materials. In the Near-View Depiction, the point of view moves in even closer to flowers and grasses blooming at the base of trees and other scenes portrayed as if they actually exist before one's eyes.




| Hana-isho | Moribana | Heika | Hanamai |
| Rimpa Arrangement | Bunjin Arrangement | Sculptural Arrangement |

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